Associate Professor Vincent Pettigrove

Freshwater Program

PhD (Aquatic Ecotoxicology)

A/Prof. Pettigrove is the Chief Executive Officer of the CAPIM and Principal Research Fellow at The University of Melbourne, Australia. He has been a Principal Ecologist at Melbourne Water with over 30 years experience in the Victorian water industry and aquatic research. In addition he is an adjunct Associate Professor at Victoria University and Senior Associate at RMIT University. He has designed and conducted a broad range of research and monitoring programs that help catchment management agencies understand what are the priority issues impacting the health of aquatic ecosystems. Research areas include freshwater sediment toxicity, exotic fish management, pesticide pollution, endocrine disrupting chemicals, macroinvertebrates, and the use of fish and other biota as indicators of sediment pollution.  A/Prof. Pettigrove has produced over 45 published journal articles and peer reviewed conference papers.



Almeida, M.I.G.S., Chan, C., Pettigrove, V.J., Cattrall, R., Kolev, S.D. (2014) Development of a passive sampler for Zinc (II) in urban waters using a polymer inclusion membrane. Environmental Pollution. 193, 233-239.

Allinson, G., Bui., Zhang, P., Rose, G., Withwick, A.M., Allinson, M., Pettigrove, V.J. (2014). Investigation of 10 herbicides in surface waters of a horticultural production catchment in south-eastern Australia. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Doi 10.1007/s00244-014-0049-z. Published 9 May 2014.

Hassell K, Allinson M, Myers J, Townsend K, Chinathamby K, Miranda A, Admane S, Nugegoda D, Allinson G, Swearer S, Pettigrove V.J (in press). Victorian Report on Endocrine Disruption Research. Australasian Journal of Ecotoxicology.

Jeppe, K.J., Carew M.E, Long S.M, Lee S.F, Pettigrove V.J., Hoffmann A.A (2014). Genes involved in cysteine metabolism of Chironomus tepperi are regulated differently by copper and by cadmium. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C (2014), doi: 10.1016/j.cbpc.2014.02.006.

Kellar, C., Hassell, K.L., Long, S., Myers, J., Golding, L., Rose, G., Kumar, A., Hoffmann, A. A., Pettigrove, V.J. (2014). Multiple ecological evidence links adverse biological effects to pesticide and metal contamination in an urban Australian watershed.  Journal of Applied Ecology. Volume 51, Issue 2, pages 426–439, April 2014.

Saaristo, M., Myers, J.H., Jacques-Hamilton, R., Allinson, M., Yamamoto, A., Allinson, G. Pettigrove, V.J., Wong, B.B.M. (2014) Altered reproductive behaviours in male mosquitofish living downstream from a sewage treatment plant. Aquatic Toxicology. Apr;149:58-64. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.02.001. Epub 2014 Feb 12

Scott, P.D., Bartko, M., Blockwell, S.J., Coleman, H.M., Khan, S.J., Lim, R., McDonald, J.A. Nice, H., Nugegoda, D., Pettigrove, V.J., Tremblay, L.A., Warne, M.S.J., Leusch, F.D.L. (2014). A national survey of trace organic contaminants in Australian Rivers.  Journal of Environmental Quality. doi:10.2134/jeq2014.01.0012; published 18 August 2014.

Stewardson, M.J., Skinner, D., Ayer, M., Barlow, S., Cook, B., Farquarson, B., Fuentes, S., Goddedn, L., Garoly, D., Langford, .J, Nemes, V., Nettele, R., Peel, M., Pettigrove, V.J., Rutherford, I., Tyu D., Saleem, K., Scales, P., Sotanieh, M.K., Webb, A., Western A., Weyer E. (2014). Water Productivity Blueprint. The University of Melbourne.

Stokeld, D., Hamer, A.J., Vand Der Ree, R., Pettigrove, V.J., Gillespie, G. (2014). Factors influencing occurrence of a freshwater turtle in an urban landscape: a resilient species?  Wildlife Research.  Doi:10.1071/WR13205.


Chinathamby K, Allinson M, Shiraishi F, Lopata A.L, Nugegoda D, Pettigrove V.J, Allinson G (2013). Screening for the potential effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals in peri-urban creeks and rivers in Melbourne, Australia using mosquitofish and recombinant receptor-reporter gene assays. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 20(3): 1831-1841.

Colombo, V, Mohr S, Berghahn R, Pettigrove, V. J. (2013). Structural Changes in a Macrozoobenthos Assemblage After Imidacloprid Pulses in Aquatic Field-Based Microcosms. Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology. 65(4) 683-692.

Gagliardi, B., & Pettigrove, V.J. (2013). Removal of intensive agriculture from the landscape improves aquatic ecosystem health. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 176, 1-8.


Miranda A, Pettigrove, V.J. and Nugegoda D. (2012). A freshwater fish biomonitor for EDCs in south eastern Victoria:A Review. Australasian Journal of Ecotoxicology.

Schäfer R.B, Bundschuh M, Rouch D.A, Szöcs E, von der Ohe P.C, Pettigrove, V.J, Schulz R, Nugegoda D, Kefford, B.J. (2012). Effects of pesticide toxicity, salinity and other environmental variables on selected ecosystem functions in streams and the relevance for ecosystem services. Science of the Total Environment. 415: 69–78.

Townsend, K.R., Pettigrove, V.J. and Hoffmann, A.A. (2012). Food limitation in Chironomus tepperi: effects on survival, sex ratios and development over two generations. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety.

Wightwick A.M, Bui A, Zhang P, Rose G, Allinson M, Myers JH, Reichman S.M, Menzies N.W, Pettigrove V.J, Allinson G. (2012). Investigation of 25 fungicides in surface waters of a horticultural production catchment in south-eastern Australia. Archives of  Environment Contamination Toxicology. 62: 380-390.

Wightwick AM, Bui A.D, Zhang P, Rose G, Allinson M, Myers J.H, Reichman S.M, Menzies N.W, Pettigrove V.J, Allinson, G. (2012). Environmental Fate of Fungicides in Surface Waters of a Horticultural-Production Catchment in Southeastern Australia. Archives of  Environment Contamination Toxicology. Volume: 62   Issue: 3   Pages: 380-390   DOI: 10.1007/s00244-011-9710-y.


Schafer, R.B, Pettigrove, V.J, Rose, G., Allinson, G. Wightwick, von der Ohe, P.C., Shimeta, J., Kuhne, R., Kefford, B.J. (2011) Effects of pesticides monitored with three smapling methods in 24 sites on macroinvertebrates and microorganisms. Environmental Science and Technology.

Schäfer, R. Kefford, B. Metzeling, L. Liess, M. Burgert, S. Marchant, R. Pettigrove, V.J., Goonan, P. and Nugegoda, D. (2011). 'A trait database of stream invertebrates for the ecological risk assessment of single and combined effects of salinity and pesticides in South-East Australia', in Science of The Total Environment, Elsevier BV, Netherlands, vol. 409, no. 11, pp. 2055-2063 ISSN: 0048-9697

Schäfer, R.B., Pettigrove, V.J, Rose, G., Allinson, G., Wightwick, von der Ohe, P., Shimeta, J., Kefford, B.J. (2011).  Effects of pesticides monitored with three sampling methods in 24 sites on macroinvertebrates and microorganisms.  Environmental Science & Technology, (January 19, 2011).

Wightwick, A.M., Bui, A., Zhang, P., Rose, G., Allinson, M. Myers, J.H., Reichman, S.M., Menzies, N.W., Pettigrove, V.J, Allinson, G. Environmental fate of 25 fungicides in surface waters of a horticultural production catchment in south-eastern Australia. Environmental Science & Technology (Submitted).


Ayres, R.M., Pettigrove, V.J., Hoffmann, A.A. (2010).  Low diversity and high levels of population genetic structuring in intoroduced eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) in the greater Melbourne area, Australia.  Biological Invasions 12 (2010) 3727-3744.

Coleman, R.A., Pettigrove, V.J., Raadik, T.A., Hoffmann, A.A., Miller, A.D., Carew M.E. (2010). Microsatellite markers and mtDNA data indicate two distinct groups in dwarf galaxias, Galaxiella pusilla (Mack) (Pisces: Galaxiidae), a threatened freshwater fish from south eastern Australia, Conservation Genetics 11 (2010) 1911-1928.

Marshall, S., Barrett, T., Pettigrove, V.J (2010).  Use of absorptive media to monitor stormwater contamination in small urban drains.  In: Proceedings of the Highways & Urbanisation Symposium, Madrid, Spain, June 2008. Springer Press.

Marshall, S., Pettigrove, V.J., Carew, M.E., Hoffmann, A.A. (2010). Isolating the impact of sediment toxicity in urban streams, Environmental Pollution 158 (2010) 1716-1725.

O'Brien, M.L., Pettigrove, V.J., Carew, M.E., Hoffmann, A.A. (2010). Combining rapid bioassessment and field-based microcosms for identifying impacts in an urban river. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 29 (2010) 1773-1780.


Townsend, K.R., Pettigrove, V.J., Carew, M.E., Hoffmann, A.A. (2009).  The effects of sediment quality on the benthic macroinvertebrates in the Murray River, Australia.  Marine & Freshwater Research 60:70-82.

Cox, R., Carew, M.E, Pettigrove, V.J, Hoffmann, A.A. (2009).  A microcosm approach for assessing ecotoxicological response of chironomids to salinity.  Australasian Journal of Ecotoxicology. 13:113-118, 2007.


Sharley, D.J., Hoffmann, A.A., Pettigrove, V.J (2008).  Effects of sediment quality on the macroinvertebrates in the Sunraysia region of the Murray-Darling Rivers, Australia. Environmental Pollution.

Anson, J., Pettigrove, V.J & Hoffmann, A.A., CAREW ME (2008).  High molecular weight hydrocarbons differentially impair freshwater benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages.  Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 27(5): 1077-1083.


Carew. M.E., Pettigrove, V.J Cox, R.L, Hoffmann, A.A.. (2007).  DNA identification of urban Tanytarsini chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae).  Journal of the North American Benthological Society 26(4): 586-599.

Marshall, S., Pettigrove, V.J, Potter, M., Barrett, T., Pfitzner,  (2007). Bagging industrial drains: a solid media survey of stormwater contamination.  Proceedings: Rainwater and urban design conference, Sydney, August 2007.

C Carew. M.E., Pettigrove, V.J, Cox, R.L, Hoffmann, A.A. (2007).  The response of Chironomidae to sediment pollution and other environmental characteristics in urban wetlands.  Freshwater Biology 52(12): 2444-2462.

Pettigrove,V.J. Hoffmann, A.A.. (2007).  Is catchment imperviousness a good indicator of ecosystem health? In: Proceedings of the Highways & Urbanisation Symposium, Nicosia, Cyprus, pp 385-398.  Springer Press.

Pettigrove,V.J., Marshall, S., Ryan, B., Hoffmann, A.A. (2007).  A field microcosm method to determine the impact of sediments and soils contaminated by road runoff on indigenous macroinvertebrates.  In: Proceedings of the Highways & Urbanisation Symposium, Nicosia, Cyprus, pp 385-398.  Springer Press.


Marshall, S., Pettigrove, V.J, Kearns, J. (2006).  A toxicant treatment facility for the field evaluation of filtration media for urban stormwater treatment. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Urban Drainage Modelling & the 4th International Conference on Water Sebsitive Urban Design, Melbourne, Australia, 2 – 7th April.  Volume 1, 501-508.

Bahrndorff, S., Ward, J., Pettigrove, V.J. & Hoffmann, A.A..  (2006).  A microcosm test of adaptation and species specific responses to polluted sediments applicable to indigenous chironomids (Diptera).  Environmental Pollution 139(3): 550-560.


Carew, M., Pettigrove, V.J & Hoffmann, A.A. (2005).  The utility of DNA markers in classical taxonomy: using cytochrome oxidase I markers to differentiate Australian Cladopelma (Diptera: Chironomidae) midges.  Annuals of the Entomological Society of America 98 (4): 587-594.

Serena, M. Pettigrove, V.J (2005).  Relationship of sediment toxicants and water quality to the distribution of platypus populations in urban streams.  Journal of North American Benthological Society 24(3): 679-689.

Pettigrove, V.J Hoffmann, A.A. (2005).  Effects of long chain hydrocarbon polluted sediment on freshwater macroinvertebrates.  Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, 24(10): 2500-2508.

Pettigrove, V.J Hoffmann, A.A. (2005). A field-based microcosm method to assess the effects of polluted urban stream sediments on aquatic macroinvertebrates.  Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 24: 170-180.


Sharley, D., Pettigrove, V.J, Parsons, Y.M. (2004).  Molecular identification of Chironomus spp. (Diptera) for biomonitoring of aquatic ecosystems.  Australian Journal of Entomology 43: 359-365.


Pettigrove, V.J Hoffmann, A.A. (2003).  Major sources of heavy metal pollution during base flows from sewered urban catchments in the City of Melbourne.  Proceedings: Third South Pacific Conference on Stormwater and Aquatic Resource Protection combined with the 10th Annual Conference of the Australasian Chapter of the International Erosion Control Association, Auckland, New Zealand, May 14-16.

Carew, M. Pettigrove, V.J. & Hoffmann, A.A. (2003). Identifying chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae) for biological monitoring with PCR-RFLP.  Bulletin Entomological Research 93: 483-490.

Pettigrove, V.J Hoffmann, A.A. (2003).  Impact of urbanization on heavy metal contamination in urban stream sediments: influence of catchment geology.  Australasian Journal of Ecotoxicology 9: 119-128.

Pettigrove, V.J Hoffmann, A.A. (2003).  Toxicants in Melbourne’s streams and wetlands: An emerging threat to healthy aquatic ecosystems.  Proceedings: Australian Water Association Convention and Exhibition, Perth, WA, Australia, April 6-10, paper oz214.